(University of St. Andrews, Reino Unido)

Leadership and collective mobilisation

(45 mins presentation) + Q&A (30 mins)
Chair: Gloria Jiménez-Moya (COES-PUC)

In this talk I shall outline a social identity analysis of leadership. This approaches leadership in terms of the relationship between leaders and followers in a social group and regards effective leadership as a process of social identity management.  Different forms of political authority can then be analysed in terms of the balance between leaders and followers in terms of interpreting the nature and application of social identity. In particular, I shall argue, authoritarian leadership derives from an elision of leader and group such that whatever the leader says is, by definition, the position of the group and, conversely, any opposition to the leader is an attack on the group. In this way dissent is outlawed and dissenters are excluded from the group. I shall apply this analysis to contemporary examples of authoritarian leadership – particularly the success of Donald Trump in his appeal to the US electorate.
(University of Leuven, Bélgica)

Fitting in and standing out: How intergroup contexts shape minority acculturation and achievement

(45 mins presentation) + Q&A (30 mins)
Chair: Roberto González (COES-PUC)

Karen Phalet (U Leuven) y Gulseli Baysu (U Istanbul & Belfast)
Children of immigrants are at risk of underachieving in school, with long-lasting consequences for their future life chances. In view of assimilationist pressures in Europe, we examine minority acculturation experiences in daily intergroup contact; and how these experiences affect their belonging and achievement in different intergroup contexts.
Psychological acculturation research has mainly studied minorities’ individual acculturation attitudes. While integration attitudes (combining both cultures) are thought to be most adaptive, the evidence for Europe is inconclusive. Our research shifts focus from individual attitudes to the intergroup context. We present longitudinal, multi-group, multi-level and experimental evidence showing that (1) positive and negative intergroup contact, (2) multiculturalist and assimilationist intergroup climates, and (3) their interplay with minority acculturation attitudes, affect belonging and achievement. We propose (4) acculturation norms, defined as shared views on acculturation in social groups, and normative fit with minorities’ own attitudes, especially integration, as key processes connecting minority achievement to the intergroup context.
(Michigan State University, Estados Unidos)

Persistent and Pervasive Community: How Social Media may be Transforming Our Relations and Democracy

(45 mins presentation) + Q&A (30 mins)
Chair: Vicente Espinoza (COES-USACH)

Two affordances of new communication technologies, persistent contact and pervasive awareness, increasingly influencing many aspects of our everyday lives, from how we feel about ourselves to how we participate in a democracy. It is part of a large-scale change to the structure of our communities. In contrast to the suggestion that new technologies are maximizing mobility to the point where people are nearly free from the constraints of time, space, and social bonds, new communication technologies are renewing many of the constraints and opportunities of an earlier, denser and more stable network of relations. As a result of persistence—a counter-force to mobility—relationships and the social contexts where they are formed are less transitory than at any time in modern history. Through the ambient, lean, asynchronous nature of social media, awareness supplements surveillance with the informal watchfulness typified in preindustrial community. The result is heightened awareness of the opinions and activities of a set of ties that increasingly endure over time. This awareness does not necessarily translate into positive social outcomes, it can result in new forms of social stress and repress engagement in the democratic process.
(University of Wisconsin-Madison, Estados Unidos)

Urban Youth Eco-Justice Action: Implications for Social Cohesion

(45 mins presentation) + Q&A (30 mins)
Chair: María Loreto Martínez (Escuela de Psicología, UC)

This session presents a model of young citizens’ participation in the public sphere via collective environmental action with community partners. The concept of the environmental commons (public space where all voices count and natural resources that belong to everyone) is used to reframe the natural environment as a domain for civic action by urban ethnic minority youth. The presentation will draw from Hannah Arendt’s work on the public realm, Elinor Ostrom’s challenge to the tragedy of the commons, and Kurt Lewin’s concept of interdependence of fates. The words of urban youth will be used to illustrate how this model of civic participation nurtures community attachment, awareness of interdependence and a commitment to bridging differences through collective action.